Our team of 17 board certified retina physicians and surgeons have the knowledge and experience to treat the most complex retinal diseases and disorders. Following are other retinal diseases and disorders we specialize in diagnosing, managing and treating:
Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO)
Branch retinal vein occlusion blocks the small arteries in the retina and is often caused by high blood pressure.
Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)
Central retinal artery occlusion usually occurs in people between the ages of 50 and70. In 50% of the cases, cartoid artery disease is present.
Central serous retinopathy (CSR)
Central serous retinopathy is a small, round, shallow swelling that develops on the retina and typically affects adults between the ages of 20 and 50.
Complications of cataract surgery
In rare instances, serious complications affecting the vitreous can occur following cataract surgery, requiring referral to a retina surgeon.
Cystoid macular edema (CME)
Cystoid macular edema involves swelling of the macula, a small area in the center of the retina that allows us to see fine details clearly. This swelling occurs as fluid builds up in the layers of the macula, gradually blurring vision.
Myopia, otherwise known as nearsightedness, is the inability to focus on objects in the far distance, but with the ability to see close objects well. It is a result of an elongation of the eyeball so that distant objects cannot be focused on the retina by the lens of the eye. High degrees of myopia are referred to as degenerative myopia.
Inherited retinal disorders
There are many inherited retinal diseases that affect the macula and retina and can cause severe vision loss.
Lattice degeneration is a condition that causes thinning and weakening of the peripheral retina, the light-sensitive layer of cells lining the back of the eye, which can lead to a retinal tear.
A macular hole is a small, round opening in the macula that causes a blind spot or blurred area directly in the center of your vision. They most often occur in elderly patients.
Macular pucker is caused by a transparent membrane of scar tissue that grows over the surface of the central retina. Macular puckers usually arise from age-related changes in the vitreous gel but can result from any type of eye injury, inflammation, disease, or surgery.
Pediatric and neonatal retinal disorders
Retinopathy of prematurity is a serious cause of blindness in some babies who are born prematurely. When a baby is born prematurely, blood vessels are not ready to supply blood to the retina. At birth, abnormal new blood vessels form and cause scarring or detachment of the retina.
Penetrating ocular trauma
The most common causes of penetrating ocular injuries are due to trauma caused by wood, metal and stone.
During the normal aging process, the vitreous tends to shrink slightly and take on a more watery consistency. Sometimes as the vitreous shrinks, it exerts enough force on the retina to make it tear. Retinal tears can lead to a retinal detachment.
A retinal detachment is a very serious problem that usually causes blindness unless treated. The appearance of flashing lights, floating objects, or a gray curtain moving across the field of vision are all indications of a retinal detachment.
Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer in the eye sandwiched between the retina (innermost layer) and the sclera (outermost layer). Uveitis is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage to the eye.
For more information, please read the following articles provided by the American Academy of Ophthalmology:
Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion
Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
Central Serious Retinopathy
Detached and Torn Retina
Floaters and Flashes
Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome