Major Vitreoretinal Diseases and Disorders

  • If you have diabetes mellitus, your body does not use and store glucose properly. Over time, diabetes can damage blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light and helps to send images to the brain. The damage to retinal vessels is referred to as diabetic retinopathy.

    For more information, please read the following articles provided by the American Academy of Ophthalmology:

    Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
    Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy


  • AMD, one of the most common causes of poor vision after age 60, is a deterioration or breakdown of the macula. The macula is a small area at the center of the retina in the back of the eye that allows us to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving. The visual symptoms of AMD involve loss of central vision.

    AMD accounts for 90% of new cases of legal blindness in the United States. Nine out of 10 people who have AMD have atrophic or “dry” AMD, which results in thinning of the macula. Dry AMD takes many years to develop. A specific vitamin regimen has been shown to slow progression of dry AMD.

    The national AREDS study showed the benefit of certain vitamins and minerals for patients with macular degeneration. Our practice recommends Focus MaculaPro eye vitamins. You can learn more at

    For more information, please read the following articles provided by the American Academy of Ophthalmology:

    Age-Related Macular Degeneration  – click here
    Macular Degeneration and Nutritional Supplements – click here